Due to the vast number of emails, calls and live chat requestsbeing received from SSL users on a daily basis regarding Certificate Signing Request (CSR) generation, which is required in order to obtaina certificate from Certificate Authorities (CA), we have compiled this guide. In this guide we will specifically address the process of obtaining a Certificate Signing Request for Apache + Mod SSL + OpenSSL servers. Here we have included the easy and quick steps of CSR generation from the major Certificate Authorities (CAs) on the web. In order to create a CSR users need two types of keys known as private and public keys. Next, in order for the CSR to actually be generatedall keys, password and certificate must contain the same information before installingany certificate on the server. The following is a step-by-step guide to WildCard SSL CSR generation from RapidSSLonline.com who is a leading SSL Certificate provider and Platinum Partner of leading CAs such as Symantec, GeoTrust, Thawte, and RapidSSL. Step1: Creation of the Private Key Here, we have what is commonly known as theOpenSSL utility, which is mostly used in order to generate theprivate key and CSR. The OpenSSLutility comes standard with any OpenSSL package and should be installed on the following path; /usr/local/ssl/bin If the OpenSSL utility package installed on a different path, please refer to the information below to adjust the OpenSSL package installation path. Enter the following commands at the prompt: opensslgenrsa -des3 -out .key 2048 The above command will raise a 2048 bit RSA private key and it will store at the file www.myhostname.com.key. Key Note: All SSL Certificate CSRs must have 2048-bit key length IMPORTANT: When prompted with the password command be sure to enter a secure password that can also be remembered. This password will not only protect theprivate key but will be essential to the secure certificate as well. That being said, a password that cannot be recalled is about as useless as any bad or unsecure password (i.e. 1234321, PASSWORD) out there. Key Note: To bypass the pass phrase requirement, omit the -des3 option when generating the private key. However if you choose to leave the private key unprotected, Symantec recommends access to the server be heavily restricted so that only authorized server administrators can access or read the private key file. Step 2: Generation of the CSR (Certificate Signing Request) Enter the following command at prompt: opensslreq -new -key .key -out .csr Key Note: If you are using OpenSSL on aWindows server you may be able to use the following direct path to reach “openssl.cnf”: opensslreq -new -key .key -config “c:\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\conf\openssl.cnf” -out .csr You must now enter the mandatory information of the organization in order to create the CSR. The following is a basic overview of each requirement. Country Name: Enter the two letter code without punctuation of the respective country (i.e. US, UK) State or Province: Enterthe complete state name, please be sure to not abbreviate or shorten it. (i.e. New York, not NY) Locality or City: The Locality field is the city or town name, again,do not abbreviate. (i.e. Saint Petersburg, not St. Petersburg) Company: If the company or organization name has any symbol such as &, @, or * included within their name the symbol must be properly spelled out. Here are the illustrations of (i.e. AB & C Corporation would be AB and C Corporation) Organizational Unit: This field is optional but, if provided,this information will serve as additional authentication for obtaining the certificate from the CA. But if you prefer to skip this step, simply press enter on the keyboard. Common Name: The Common Name is the Host + Domain Name. The information provided here will look much like something along the lines of “*.company.com”. Key Note: Do not try to add an email address, challenge password or an optional company name when generating the CSR. At this point you will have successfully generated both your private and public keys. The private key (www.hostname.com.key) is stored locally on the server and is employed for decryption. The public key, in the form of a WildCard SSL Certificate Signing Request (certrequest.csr), will be for certificate enrollment. To copy and paste the information into the enrollment form, open the file in a text editor such as Notepad or Vi and save it as a .txt file. Do not use Microsoft Word as it will insert extra hidden characters that will alter the contents of the CSR rendering it useless. For information regarding the WildCard SSL Certificate Signing Request for another web server not described about please click here.